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Egypt Overview

Egypt - Introduction

Occupying a focal geographic bridge linking Africa and Asia, contemporary Egypt is the inheritor of a civilization dating back more than 6,000 years. While best known for its Pyramids and Ancient Civilisations, Egypt has played a central role in Middle East politics in modern times. Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the...

Egypt Facts

Establishment: First Dynasty c.3150 BCE Independence from United Kingdom February 28, 1922 Republic declared June 18, 1953 Capital: Cairo Area: Total 980,869 square km Topography: Four major regions: Nile Valley and Delta, Western Desert; Eastern Desert; and Sinai Peninsula. Official languages: Egyptian Arabic Flag: Coat of arms Anthem: Bilady,...

Location of Egypt

Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa. The great majority of its estimated 78 million people (2007) live near the banks of the Nile River in an area of about 40,000 square kilometers where the only arable agricultural land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in...

Recent History of Egypt

Recent Egyptian history originates with the revolution of 1952 by the Society of Free Officers. Following the revolution Egypt declared itself a Republic in 1953. In 1952 revolution in which, the Egyptian king, Farouk, was overthrown and a republic declared. Gamal Abdul Nasser took over as premier in 1954 and then voted president in 1956. His left...

History of Ancient Egypt

The name Egypt is derived from Greek word Acgyptus, which was taken from the ancient Egyptian term Hik up tuh (House of Spirit). Egypt, one of the main civilisations of the ancient world, has a history that goes back more than 6000 years. Starting with the Pharaohs who were able to create a civilisation based on the banks of the Nile, they were...

Art and Culture of Egypt

Egyptian culture has five thousand years of recorded history. Ancient Egypt was among the earliest civilizations and for millennia, Egypt maintained a strikingly complex and stable culture that influenced later cultures of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Today, many aspects of Egypt's ancient culture exist in interaction with newer elements,...

Government and policies of Egypt

The modern Egyptian state is the product of a historically rooted political culture and of the state-building efforts of its founding leaders, Gamal Abdul Nasser and Anwar as Sadat. Egypt has been governed by powerful centralized rule since ancient times, when the management of irrigated agriculture gave rise to the pharaohs, absolute god-kings....

Political leaders and political parties of Egypt

Major political parties: National Democratic Party (ruling party), Wafd Party, Tagammu and Party. The NDP was originally established by Sadat, and it has remained in power since 1978. The largest legal opposition party, though not very powerful, is the revived Wafd Party. The Wafd arose in 1978, after the original Wafd Party was outlawed in 1952....

Towns and cities of Egypt

Egypt's all crowded and big cities are concentrated along the banks of the Nile, and on the river's delta. Apart from these Deserts occupy most of the country. Alexandria is the one of the greatest ancient cities and the modern Egyptian capital Cairo is the Africa's largest city for its age old culture and commerce. The other cities are - Aswan,...

International Relations of Egypt

Egypt remains an important regional interlocutor, and plays an active role in the Arab League. The EU-Egypt Association Agreement came into force on June 2004. It includes provisions for initiating free trade between the EU and Egypt. International Organizations Egypt is the member of United Nations and its specialized agencies, Organization of...

Media and Communication of Egypt

Egypt is a major regional media player. Its press is one of the most influential and widely-read in the region, and its TV and film industry supplies much of the Arab-speaking world with shows from its Media Production City, an enterprise which was set up to create the "Hollywood of the East". Media criticism of the government is...