Mozambique Archaeology

Mozambique Island

The Mozambique Island in the province of Nampula is a fascinating place due to its history and architectural features. The old part of the island, which covers two-thirds of the area, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. While standing at the haunted ramparts of the fortress on Mozambique Island, absorb an atmosphere that has been unaltered through the ages, or visit a house in Maputo (made from steel plates shipped from Portugal a century ago) designed by the creator of the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

St Paul's Palace

Places of interest include St Paul's Palace. The Museum of Sacred Art, The Fortress of St Sebastian and the Hindu temple near the market. Some of the buildings on the island are made of coral. Skilled silversmiths live here. The historic Angoche town is accessible from Nampula and reflects the influence of age-old contacts with Arabian and Indian and trades.


Among a host of other historic towns is Zumbo, on the far western tip of Cahora Bassa Lake in Tete Province. It was once one of the wealthiest towns in Portugese East Africa. The Museum of Geology is found in the town of Monica, which is to the west of Chimoio. The museum is one of the main attractions of Monica.

The Conselho Municipal

Visitors can also easily explore Maputo on foot. A good place to start is the Cathedral of Nossa Senhora de Conceição completed in 1944 on Praça da Independencia. The Conselho Municipal built around the same time, stands at the top of the square. Just to the west of the Praça da Independencia, on the corner of Ave Josina Machel and Felipe Samuel Magaia is a memorial to Great Trek leader Louis Trichardt.

Last Updated on Sunday 22nd November 2009