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Tanis (San El-Hagar) Museum

Tanis (San El-Hagar) Museum

San el-Hagar is the name of the modern town closest to the ruined city of Tanis situated approximately 130km north-east of Cairo, was the Late Period capital of the 19th Lower Egyptian nome, having replaced Per-Rameses (Qantir) as the royal residence of kings during Dynasties XXI and XXII. The city whose ancient name was Djanet (also called Suan – the biblical city of Zoan), was known as Tanis by the Greeks and represented a city similar to the southern capital, Thebes, but in miniature.


Today the city takes the form of a mound of rubble, covering a surface area of almost 180 hectares but has revealed what is certainly the largest and most impressive site known in the Delta with a wealth of very important monuments still being uncovered. Around 18km north of Qantir, take a left turn. San el-Hagar is another 20km drive through isolated countryside and the mound can be seen on the eastern side of the road. The site is bordered by the Bahr Saft. Entrance to the archaeological site at Tanis costs EGP 20.
Fallen statue to the ruined city of Tanis, Cairo, Egypt
Many inscribed blocks and fragments dating to various kings are today scattered around the enclosure, forming a sort of open-air museum, including part of a colossal statue of Rameses II which must, with many other Ramesside blocks, have come from Per-Rameses. There are many other structures within the enclosure, which forms the centre of the city. Nectanebo I dedicated a temple to Khonsu-Neferhotep on the northern side of the Amun temple, with a sacred lake nearby using blocks from structures of Shoshenq V and Psamtik. Osorkon II constructed a small temple further to the east and Necatanebo II and Ptolemy II built a temple to Horus to the south-east of the inner enclosure wall.

The Treasure of the Royal Tombs of Tanis (ca.1070-712 B.C.) Most of these treasures came from the royal tombs of Dynasties XXI and XXII at Tanis (East Delta), discovered by P. Montet in 1939. The most spectacular impressive of the objects are: the golden mask and the silver coffin of the king Psusennes I (Room 2).

How to get there
San el-Hagar is the name of the modern town closest to the ruined city of Tanis situated approximately 130km north-east of Cairo. Around 18km north of Qantir, take a left turn. San el-Hagar is another 20km drive through isolated countryside and the mound can be seen on the eastern side of the road. The site is bordered by the Bahr Saft. Entrance to the archaeological site at Tanis costs EGP 20.

Address:
Tanis (San El-Hagar) Museum
San el-Hagar, Sharqiya, Tanis, Cairo, Egypt

Last Updated on Sunday 16th January 2011