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Archaeology

Tanzania Archaeology

Olduvai Gorge Olduvai Gorge is very famous for the remains of the earliest humans to exist. Over 400 fragments of the skull Australopithecus- Zinjanthropus Boisei were found by a German professor Katurinkle, an entomologist who stumbled across it in 1911, but it was only in 1959 when Mary Leakey uncovered a 1.75 million year old australopithecus...

Tunisia Archaeology

Carthage The Carthage Museum, Amphitheatre, Theatre & Roman villas The Byrsa quarter of Carthage, recently discovered by French archaeologists, dates from the time of Hannibal and gives an idea of urban life in the early second century BC. When the Romans returned to rebuild Carthage they covered over the ruins of the 146 BC construction on...

Zambia Archaeology

Pre-colonial history From the Victoria Falls on the Zambezi to the shores of Lake Tanganyika, Zambia has a great variety of archaeological sites that provide evidence of human occupation dating back to the Stone Age. Many of these sites have been documented and preserved by the National Heritage Conservation Commission of Zambia, although hitherto...

Morocco Archaeology

The Buildings of Islam The Islamic faith has tremendously dictated the direction of Moroccan architecture, shaped by the requirements of prayer and the Muslim urban lifestyle. The key building of Islam is of course the mosque, which evolved considerably from its humble beginnings as a sort of low platform from which the call to prayer could be...

Nigeria Archaeology

Alok Stone Monoliths The sculptured granite stones represent human figures and are considered sacred by the local people. Their age is not known but the earliest may date from the 16th century. They represent an advanced form of stone carving, as the granite is a hard crystalline rock, requiring a great deal of labour to produce such precise work...

Namibia Archaeology

Damaraland South of the Etosha National Park and inland from the Skeleton Coast, is an area formerly known as Damaraland with unusual geological features, a wealth of rock paintings and engravings as well as desert adapted elephant and black rhino. Beyond the region's administrative capital, Khorixas, is the Petrified Forest, with fossilised...

Mozambique Archaeology

Mozambique Island The Mozambique Island in the province of Nampula is a fascinating place due to its history and architectural features. The old part of the island, which covers two-thirds of the area, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. While standing at the haunted ramparts of the fortress on Mozambique Island, absorb an...

Malawi Archaeology

In Likoma The island of Likoma is in the northern part of Lake Malawi, within the territorial waters of Mozambique but part of malawi and linked to the rest of the country by the steamer service. The impressive Anglican Cathedral of St Peter should not be missed but it is kept locked unless there is a service in progress. The Cathedral has stained...

Archaeology Sites in Libya

Ancient Sabratha Sabratha began life as a Carthaginian trading post. With its excellent natural harbour on a long, straight coast, it became a permanent settlement in the 4th century BC to act as a terminal for the trans Saharan trade. Under the Romans, development continued and Sabratha became one of the three great cities of Roman Tripolitania,...

Kenya Archaeology

Hyrax Hill Prehistoric Site This is a small settlement, first investigated by the Leakeys in 0 and work has been going on there periodically ever since. The excavations have found evidence of settlements from 3000 years ago, and there are signs of habitation here up until 300 years ago. Up to the top of Hyrax Hill are the remains of the stone...

Egypt Archaeology

Museum in Cairo The idea of establishing a museum to exhibit the monuments of Ancient Egypt first arose at the time the Antiquities Service was founded in 1835. Auguste Mariette, a French archaeologist appointed Director General of Egyptian Monuments and the Museum in 1859, urged the government to build a museum to house the treasures of its great...

Botswana Archaeology

Archaeology of the Pans There is evidence of ancient cultures in the region. A profusion of worked flint tools-mostly arrowheads and spearheads can be found lying on the shoreline of the Makgadikgadi Pan, suggesting that Palaeolithic hunting cultures once thrived in the old lake system. More recent, any time from 20,000 years ago to now, are the...

European Footstep in South Africa

The written history of South Africa begins with the arrival of the Portuguese. The first Portuguese ships rounded the Cape of Good Hope in 1488, their occupants intent on gaining a share of the lucrative Arab trade with the East. Over the following century, numerous vessels made their way around the South African coast, but the only direct African...