Pharaonic Cairo

The Great Pyramid

The Great Pyramid, Giza, Cairo
One of the Seven Wonders of the World, King Cheops' pyramid was built c. 2650 BC " is impossible to get tired of the pyramids." Amelia B. Edwards, 1877

The Solar Barque of King Cheops

The Solar Barque of King Cheops
A cedar-wood craft built to take the pharaoh through the underworld. More details: Solar Boat Museum/Khufu (or Cheops) Boat Museum next to the Great Pyramid, Giza, Cairo

The Sphinx

Mummy, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
"...sacred symbol of the union of the strongest physical with the highest intellectual power on earth." Harriet Martineau on the Sphinx, 1848


The royal burial-ground during the Old Kingdom(2705-2155 BC). There are so many periods represented that Saqqara could almost be a book, in whose pages the story of Egyptian civilization through the pharaonic, Greek and Roman periods is told Discoveries are still being made today.

The Mastabas of Mereruka, Ti and Ptah-Hotep

The Mastabas of Mereruka, Ti and Ptah-Hotep
Carved and painted tombs vividly illustrate everyday life more than 5,000 years ago.

The Step Pyramid

step pyramid
The first proper pyramid, built for King Zoser in the 27th-century BC the architect Imhotep.


One of the oldest cities on earth, legendary Memphis was the capital of ancient Egypt throughout the Old Kingdom.

The Egyptian Museum

Mummy, Egyptian Museum, Cairo
One of the world's most famous museums. The magnificent collection of antiquities includes mummies, sarcophagi and the fabulous treasures from Tutankhamun's tomb. More details: Egyptian Museum /Cairo Egyptian Museum

Last Updated on Tuesday 30th November 2010