Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM)/Giza Museum

Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM)/Giza Museum

The Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) also known as the Giza Museum will be built by 2013 at the cost of $US 550M. The museum will be sited on 50 hectares of land in Giza and is part of a new master plan for the plateau. On January 5, 2002 Egyptian President Mubarak laid the foundation stone. The museum site is two kilometers from the Giza pyramids and between the Modern Complexities of Cairo and the Ancient Culture of the Pyramids.

Three significant elements organize the New Museum within the site:

  • The Plateau Edge, which divides the site into higher and lower sections.
  • The View towards the Pyramids.
  • The Cairo-Alexandria Approach.

To be fair, the GEM is no small undertaking. With a 100,000 square metres of floor space – the size of 11 football pitches – it’s intended to be an almighty construction that will house over 100,000 artefacts (most significantly Howard Carter’s Tutankhamun collection) and cost a staggering $550 million. Three million visitors a year – around a quarter of all tourists who visited Egypt in 2008 – are hoped to pass through its doors, at a rate of 15,000 a day.

The building is shaped like a chamfered triangle in plan. It sits on a site two kilometers west of the pyramids, near a motorway interchange. The building's north and south walls line up directly with the Great Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of Menkaure. In front of the building is a large plaza, filled with date plants. One of the main features of the Museum is the translucent stone wall, made of alabaster, that makes up the front facade of the building. Inside the main entrance is a large atrium, where large statues will be exhibited.

The main feature of the new Grand Museum near the Giza pyramids will be the 5,000 artefacts from the tomb of Tutankhamun but its collections will be extensive. The Civilization Museum in Fustat will depict the entire historical landscape of Egypt and will also house the royal mummies. The Egyptian Museum will display the history of art in the Pharaonic period and will also have exhibitions dedicated to the history of Egyptology.

The conservation labs contain state of the art equipment for the preservation and restoration of artifacts, to make this one of the best conservation labs in the world. The Conservation Center is built 10 meters below street level so that it will blend into the natural environment as well as improve security. We are planning now to move some objects chosen from the Cairo Museum to the new lab for conservation and restoration. This way, the objects will be ready to be installed in the museum when it is completed.
Grand Egyptian Musuem design
The museum will be organized around five themes: The Land of Egypt, which will focus on the geography and landscape of the country; Kingship and the State, which will focus on the activities and responsibilities of the king, his family, and his highest officials; Man, Society, and Work, depicting the lives of ancient Egyptians; Religion, dealing with gods, their state and folk cults and also including mortuary beliefs; and Culture, Scribes and Knowledge. These themes will be arranged in parallel galleries and will be linked through hypertextual nodes, such as key objects and special exhibitions. Tours of varying lengths and intensities will be available to visitors. The collections will be organised in themes:

  • the physical environment of the Nile valley and the surrounding desert and oases
  • kingship and the state,
  • religious practices during the Amarna period
  • daily lives of the ancient Egyptians, their sports, games, music, arts and crafts as well as their cultural and social practices.

A separate building will house the conservatory, library, media center and other resources. A large piazza will separate the Eye from a series of flexible conference and exhibition spaces. Spiral patterned gardens will be planted along the topographical planes around the Dunal Eye

The new museum is designed to include the latest technology, including virtual reality. The Museum will also be an international center of communication between museums, to promote direct contact with other local and international museums. The Grand Egyptian Museum will include a children's museum, conference center, training center, and workshops similar to the old Pharaonic places.

Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM)/Giza Museum Official Website:


Last Updated on Sunday 16th January 2011