Islam in Egypt

Islam in Egypt

Islam means submission to God. Mohammed is the last of many messengers of God, the first messenger being Ibrahim (Abraham), and thus the seal of prophecy. All the Prophets received the true revelation and had passed it on to their peoples, the revelations that descended upon Mohammed were recorded by his followers and collected shortly after his death to be compiled into a book in the form in which it now appears - The Quran.

Quran is the transliterated form of the word derived from qara’a, meaning to read, and is thus generally rendered ‘recitation’. The message that was revealed to Mohammed embodied that which God requires for the guidance of the believer. Covering all aspects of life, it can be divided into five sections: Beliefs, Practical devotions, Transactions, Moralities, Punishments. Six beliefs are required of a Muslim. That God is unique, having no partners or equals. He is eternal and unbegotten and unbegetting. He knows all things hidden or manifest.

The Angels of God are created of light and endowed with reason; they are His perfect servants. They intercede for men and are also their guardians. They are one of the ways of communication between God and mankind.

The Scriptures of God, from the first to the last there is only one true religion. The Will of God was revealed to many Prophets and there are four recognized books: Al-Tawrah (the torah), Al-Zubur (the Psalms), Al-Ingil (the Gospels) and the Quran.

The Messengers of God Prophets delivered their revelation to their respective peoples and warned them of the consequences of disbelief.

The day of resurrection All the Prophets passed on the message that after death each individual will exist in eternity and must give an account of his actions; their subsequent state depending on the manner in which they had lived. The date of the Day of Resurrection is unknown to any except God but will be portended by certain signs.

Practical Devotions

The acts enjoined of Muslims are five, often called the Pillars of Faith:

Pronouncing the formula of faith "I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is His Messenger" Prayer performed at five specific times of the day: Daybreak, noon, afternoon, sunset and night. For the prayer a Muslim must be in a state of purity, so he washes himself in a particular way. Payment of Alms, is a payment enjoined on every Muslim of a proportion of his annual income, both money and goods. It is calculated in a very exact proportion. It is paid out to the poor, needy debtors, for the ransom of captives, to travelers, and for those seeking information about Islam and the way of God.

Fasting in Ramadan is an injunction, the benefits of which are given in the Quran. The fast begins at dawn after the moon is first seen to mark the beginning of the month of Ramadan and continues throughout the month between the hours of dawn and sunset. It must last until the moon of the next month is seen. (The Muslim calender is based on a lunar month) Pilgrimage is enjoined on every Muslim to Mecca at least once during his lifetime, in the month of Dhu’l-Hijjah.

Last Updated on Thursday 25th November 2010