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Health & Diseases

Emergency Medical Health and Rescue

Emergency Medical Health and Rescue SCUBA is short for "Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus." Scuba divers, while underwater, breathe through a mouthpiece that is attached to a tank of compressed air. Scuba diving is defined as pleasure diving to a depth of 130 feet. In the early days of the offshore diving industry it was considered desirable to transport (under pressure...

Tuberculosis

What is Tuberculosis? Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium, bovis, or Mycobacterium, africanum. Tuberculosis refers to disease most commonly caused by M. tuberculosis. Although other mycobacteria can cause diseases that mimic TB, those infections are not contagious, and most...

Sleeping Sickness

This is disease caused by trypanaosma parasite, T.brucei and is characterized by inflammation of the brain and linings of the brain. This disease is also known as Sleeping sickness. There are two types of African trypanosomiasis disease, the East African type, which is caused by T.brucei rhodesiense, and the West African type caused by T brucei...

River Blindness

This is a disease caused by a filarial worm, Onchocerca volvulus. The filarial worm causes chronic skin disease and eye lesions that may lead to blindness. This disease is also known as River Blindness. Transmission This disease occurs when a female blackfly of the Simulium species bites a human. The worms are inoculated into humans in larvae form...

Malaria

Definition: What Is Malaria? Malaria is an infection of the red blood cells caused by Plasmodium protozoa (single celled parasites). How Can a Person Contact Malaria? Malaria is spread by the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito, transfusion with contaminated blood, or an injection with a needle that was previously used by a person with...

Ebola

What is ebola virus disease? This is a disease caused by a filovirus and is characterised by a severe and often fatal hemorrhagic fever in humans. The virus is named Ebola after a river in the Democratic republic of Congo (formerly known as Zaire) where it was first discovered. The virus has four strains, Zaire, Sudan, Tai and Reston. The Reston...