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Egypt Road Projects

Construction of the first stage of the French-designed Cairo metro system, consisting of a 44-km line, which runs from el-Marg in the north to Helwan in the south, began in 1982. Incorporating 34 stations, including six underground, on a 4.2-km line tunnelled beneath the centre of Cairo (the first underground transport system in the Mid East and North Africa), this section connected with an exist line to Helwan; it was completed in July 1987 (18 months than originally planned) and was opened in September. Traffic on the metro reached a record 988,000 passengers per day) in March 1993.


Construction work began in 1992 on Cairo's second(metro line which will run north to the suburb of Shoubra Kheima, and, eventually, south to within a few hundred met of the Greater Cairo ring road, south of Giza railway station.

The second line will have a total length of 18.3 kID, serving 18 stations. The first section started operating between Shouel-Kheima and Ramses Square in 1996, with a further section opening in 1997 and the final section scheduled to open at the end of 2000. The construction of a third line to run from Cairo to Imbaba was due to begin in 2001.

The initial phase construction of a new metro project in Alexandria began in 1999. The 55-kIn Alexandria Metro line is to be constructed in three phases; the first stage wilt be a 22-kIn line from Abu

The first section started operating between Shoubra el-Kheima and Ramses Square in 1996, with a further section opening in 1997 and the final section scheduled to open at the end of 2000. The construction of a third line to run from Old Cairo to Imbaba was due to begin in 2001. The initial phase of construction of a new metro project in Alexandria began in 1999.

The 55-km Alexandria Metro line is to be constructed in three phases; the first stage will be a 22-km line from Abu Qir in the east to Misr Station in the west, with the capacity to carry up to 60,000 passengers an hour. The second section, an 8-km tunnel connecting Misr Station to El-Mex, is due for completion in 2010. The final section, expected to be completed in 2015, will continue west from El-Mex for a further 15km.

Good roads connect Cairo with Alexandria, the canal towns and Upper Egypt. In 1997 international companies were invited to submit proposals for the design, construction and maintenance of six major new highways running from Alexandria to Aswan and serving oases in the Western Desert. The routes concerned were Alexandria to Fayoum (199 km), Fayoum to Dayrout (21) km), Dayrout to Aswan (433 km), Dayrout to Al-Farafra (263 km), Al-Khdrga to East Oweinat (520 km) and As Sallum to Wadi en-Ndtrun (508 km).

In 1998 construction work began on a 2.4-km suspension bridge over the Suez Canal, designed to relieve congestion and to improve infrastructure for repopulation and industrial purposes. The bridge is expected to be operational by 2002. The Government has also approved proposals to build two 2.6-km road tunnels beneath Old Cairo, again to facilitate the flow of traffic and to preserve the architecture in the city; the £E400m project is expected to be completed in 2000.

Last Updated on Wednesday 9th December 2009

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