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Africa Guides

Mozambique Archaeology

Mozambique Island The Mozambique Island in the province of Nampula is a fascinating place due to its history and architectural features. The old part of the island, which covers two-thirds of the area, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. While standing at the haunted ramparts of the fortress on Mozambique Island, absorb an...

Malawi Archaeology

In Likoma The island of Likoma is in the northern part of Lake Malawi, within the territorial waters of Mozambique but part of malawi and linked to the rest of the country by the steamer service. The impressive Anglican Cathedral of St Peter should not be missed but it is kept locked unless there is a service in progress. The Cathedral has stained...

Archaeology Sites in Libya

Ancient Sabratha Sabratha began life as a Carthaginian trading post. With its excellent natural harbour on a long, straight coast, it became a permanent settlement in the 4th century BC to act as a terminal for the trans Saharan trade. Under the Romans, development continued and Sabratha became one of the three great cities of Roman Tripolitania,...

Kenya Archaeology

Hyrax Hill Prehistoric Site This is a small settlement, first investigated by the Leakeys in 0 and work has been going on there periodically ever since. The excavations have found evidence of settlements from 3000 years ago, and there are signs of habitation here up until 300 years ago. Up to the top of Hyrax Hill are the remains of the stone...

Egypt Archaeology

Museum in Cairo The idea of establishing a museum to exhibit the monuments of Ancient Egypt first arose at the time the Antiquities Service was founded in 1835. Auguste Mariette, a French archaeologist appointed Director General of Egyptian Monuments and the Museum in 1859, urged the government to build a museum to house the treasures of its great...

Botswana Archaeology

Archaeology of the Pans There is evidence of ancient cultures in the region. A profusion of worked flint tools-mostly arrowheads and spearheads can be found lying on the shoreline of the Makgadikgadi Pan, suggesting that Palaeolithic hunting cultures once thrived in the old lake system. More recent, any time from 20,000 years ago to now, are the...

Tuberculosis

What is Tuberculosis? Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium, bovis, or Mycobacterium, africanum. Tuberculosis refers to disease most commonly caused by M. tuberculosis. Although other mycobacteria can cause diseases that mimic TB, those infections are not contagious, and most...

Sleeping Sickness

This is disease caused by trypanaosma parasite, T.brucei and is characterized by inflammation of the brain and linings of the brain. This disease is also known as Sleeping sickness. There are two types of African trypanosomiasis disease, the East African type, which is caused by T.brucei rhodesiense, and the West African type caused by T brucei...

River Blindness

This is a disease caused by a filarial worm, Onchocerca volvulus. The filarial worm causes chronic skin disease and eye lesions that may lead to blindness. This disease is also known as River Blindness. Transmission This disease occurs when a female blackfly of the Simulium species bites a human. The worms are inoculated into humans in larvae form...

Malaria

Definition: What Is Malaria? Malaria is an infection of the red blood cells caused by Plasmodium protozoa (single celled parasites). How Can a Person Contact Malaria? Malaria is spread by the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito, transfusion with contaminated blood, or an injection with a needle that was previously used by a person with...

Ebola

What is ebola virus disease? This is a disease caused by a filovirus and is characterised by a severe and often fatal hemorrhagic fever in humans. The virus is named Ebola after a river in the Democratic republic of Congo (formerly known as Zaire) where it was first discovered. The virus has four strains, Zaire, Sudan, Tai and Reston. The Reston...

Somali Health, Passports & Visa

Health Compulsory vaccinations: Yellow fever certificate if arriving from infected areas Recommended immunisations: *Diphtheria, hepatitis A, *hepatitis B, malaria, *meningitis, polio, *TB, tetanus, typhoid, yellow fever * recommended in some circumstances, seek further advice Health risks :Malaria exists all year throughout the country. Rabies...