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Modern Humans Traced to Southern African Bushmen

A new study traces the origin of modern humans to the primitive Bushmen tribes of southern Africa.  The finding upends a widely-held scientific belief that modern humans originated in east Africa.  The largest-ever genetic analysis of a remote tribe concludes that the Bushmen of southern Africa are the ancestral source of modern humans.The study...

Dozens Killed in South Sudan Clashes

<!--IMAGE-->South Sudan's army says more than 50 people have been killed in clashes between its forces and a rebel militia.Sudan People's Liberation Army spokesman Philip Aguer Monday said rebels attacked a group of soldiers in Upper Nile state Sunday, prompting an SPLA counter-attack. He says seven soldiers and at least 47 militiamen were...

Abyei Clashes Cloud North-South Sudan Talks

North and south Sudanese negotiators are reporting progress on a range of difficult issues that need to be settled before the South becomes independent in July. But the potentially explosive issue of control over the oil-rich Abyei region is being put aside for settlement at a higher level.The recent deadly flare-up in Abyei was on everyone’s mind...

Abyei Leader Condemns Sudan’s National Congress Party

A cabinet minister in Sudan’s government of National Unity said the National Congress Party has failed to honor its part of a deal concerning Abyei in the Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement. In an interview with VOA’s Sudan in Focus program, Luka Biong Deng, a senior member of Sudan People’s Liberation Movement and Minister of Cabinet Affairs...

Encouraging Progress in Girls’ Education

As the world prepares to mark the 100th anniversary of International Women’s Day on March 8, a new report details the progress and challenges girls face in getting an education. The report – from the Education for All Fast Track Initiative – highlights the importance of girls’ education for economic and social development.  It follows progress in...

More Than 140,000 People Flee Libya

The United Nations refugee agency says over the past 10 days, more than 140,000 people have fled to Egypt and Tunisia from Libya.  The UNHCR says tens of thousands of people are stuck at the borders and in urgent need of help.  The U.N. refugee agency says the situation at the Libya-Tunisia border is chaotic. It says 14,000 people crossed the...

UNESCO: Conflict Is Robbing 28 Million Children of Future

Armed conflict is depriving about 28 million children worldwide of an education, yet the international community has been slow to address this dilemma. The warning comes in a report by the Paris-based United Nations cultural and education agency, UNESCO. Attacks on schools, widespread rape and other atrocities not only have stunted lives, but also...

LRA Rebel Attacks Surge in Northeastern DRC

In Northeastern DRC, Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) rebels have sharply increased their attacks against civilians.  The U.N. refugee agency, UNHCR, says it’s “alarmed” by the upsurge in violence near the Sudan border. Spokesperson Celine Schmidt, in the capital Kinshasa, says, “Since January, we have received many reports about new attacks by the...

Burundi Signs Deal on Sharing Nile

Burundi has become the sixth African nation to sign an agreement calling for countries to share the Nile River, clearing the way for the deal to be ratified.Currently, Egypt controls most of the Nile's waters under a 1929 treaty.  If the countries involved ratify the new agreement, Egypt would lose its power to veto Nile projects proposed by other...

Sudan Rebel Group Denies Role in Anti-Protest Violence in Libya

The spokesman for the Darfur-based Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) has denied accusations that members of his group are acting as mercenaries for Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi to suppress anti-government protesters. Ahmed Hussein Adam described the accusation as malicious and a calculated attempt by the Khartoum government to, in his words,...

South Sudan Facing Many Challenges as New Nation

As south Sudan prepares for nationhood in a few months, leaders in government, civil society and the donor community are struggling with the many needs of what is soon to be Africa’s newest state. They agree that the challenges are enormous, but differ over the most important priority when asked the question during a recent visit to Juba. A series...

Higher Education Returns to Southern Sudan

South Sudan continues to move on after its successful independence referendum, announcing that its universities will reopen in mid-May this year.  The south’s universities need a lot of work before opening.Like most things in southern Sudan, its university system was crippled by the decades-long civil war with the north. There are a total of five...

Oil a Contested But Vital Industry in Both Sudans

As south Sudan prepares for independence following the referendum in January, its leaders are counting on oil revenues to fund reconstruction and ignite economic growth. But the fact that the revenues fund more than 95 percent of the government budget and must be divided with northern Sudan creates a challenge. Decades of war prevented the...

Lack of Infrastructure a Major Challenge for South Sudan

South Sudan is due to become the world’s 193rd nation on July 9, following a referendum last month in which nearly 99 percent of its voters chose to separate from Sudan. Africa’s newest nation will also join the ranks of the world’s least-developed countries because of decades of war and neglect by the government in Khartoum. The new government...

South Sudan Reports Progress on Seperation Issues

South Sudan is reporting progress on issues that remain to be resolved with the northern Khartoum government.  North and south Sudan have been negotiating for months on how to make their divorce a smooth one.  Just two weeks after final results from the south’s referendum were announced, they are nearing agreements on how to handle the south’s oil...