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Health

Early HIV Treatment Saves Lives

<!--IMAGE--> A review of the guidelines for HIV treatment in poor countries finds priority should go to starting that treatment early. "What we learned from a clinical standpoint, as well as a cost-effective standpoint, is that earlier anti-retroviral therapy improved five-year survival dramatically and resulted in a longer life expectancy...

Scientists Using Giant Rats to Diagnose TB

Scientists say they've found a method for detecting tuberculosis: an African rat. Researchers say the sniffing powers of the African pouched rat can help detect TB in sputum samples more efficiently and at a lower cost than lab technicians using microscopes.  Researchers at a non-profit medical research facility in Tanzania, called APOPO had a...

UN Urges 50% Increase in Somalia Peacekeepers

The United Nations Security Council on Wednesday urged a 50 percent increase in the African Union peacekeeping force in Somalia. The Security Council unanimously approved a resolution requesting the African Union to maintain its peacekeeping force in Somalia and to increase its size by 50 percent, from 8,000 to 12,000 troops. The council said the...

Dominican Teen Wins Children's Peace Prize

A 16-year-old girl from the Dominican Republic has received the 2010 Children's Peace Prize. Francia Simon campaigned for the right of all children in the country - native-born and refugee - to be registered, with a birth certificate, so they could gain access to health care and education.The Children's Peace Prize is presented by the KidsRights...

Zimbabwe Politics Grows More Volatile During 2010

Zimbabwe's appears to be in for more political turmoil with talk of fresh elections earlier this month at the conference of President Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF Party. Most Zimbabweans indicate they do not want elections next year because they may interfere with the political stability and economic progress made since the unity government came to...

South Sudan: Worst Kala Azar Outbreak in 8 Years

A medical aid group says as south Sudan nears a referendum on independence, it faces many serious health problems. Doctors Without Borders, also known as MSF, says south Sudan is currently experiencing the largest outbreak of kala azar in eight years.  The parasitic disease is transmitted by the bite of sand flies and attacks internal organs, such...

Sudanese Human Rights Activist Detained Without Charges

Sudanese authorities are being called on to give the whereabouts and condition of a prominent human rights activist. The International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims says Professor Abdelbasit Murgany, a trustee of the organization, was arrested Tuesday in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum. In Copenhagen, IRCT Secretary-General Brita...

Research Finds Possible New Way to Attack Sleeping Sickness

New research on the parasite that causes sleeping sickness suggests possible new ways to attack the disease. African sleeping sickness affects mostly rural people in 36 sub-Saharan countries. The World Health Organization says there are currently an estimated 30,000 cases. Left untreated, it is fatal. Sleeping sickness is caused by a parasite...

UN Preparing for Worst Case Scenario in Southern Sudan

The United Nations Children's Fund says it is preparing for a worst-case should conflict break out after next month's referendum on independence for Southern Sudan.  UNICEF says it cannot predict what will happen, but it has to be ready to provide emergency care for hundreds of thousands of children who are among the most disadvantaged in the...

Malaria Control Programs Save Thousands of Lives

A new report finds malaria control programs have saved hundreds of thousands of lives during the past decade. The World Health Organization, which has just published its World Malaria Report 2010, says malaria deaths could end by 2015 if the gains being made are maintained.  WHO says investing in malaria control programs brings results. And, it...

Second Round of Polio Immunizations Ends in ROC

The U.N. Children's Fund reports the second of three rounds of nation-wide polio immunizations meant to reach the entire population in the Republic of Congo will be completed this week.  UNICEF says a third and final round of immunizations will be held in January. The immunization campaigns are intended to stop a rare and unusually fatal outbreak...

Malaria: New Partnership Aims to Stop Parasite in its Tracks

A new partnership is being launched to develop a malaria vaccine that would prevent parasites from entering the liver.  Most of the symptoms of the disease develop after parasites have had time to replicate there. A new partnership is being launched to develop a malaria vaccine that would prevent parasites from entering the liver.  Most of the...

South Africans Bask in Success of 2010 World Cup

Although the 2010 Football World Cup ended nearly six months ago, many people in South Africa are still basking in warm memories of the event, and most say it was the highlight of the year.  For the organizers and the South African government it was the culmination of years of hard work.  People in South Africa still recall the excitement of...

Drug Addiction Strains Beleaguered Medical System in Ghana

At a rehabiliation clinic near Accra, Ghana, patients struggle with what the country's health professionals say is a growing problem: drug addiction.   There are not a lot of shelters like Hopeful Way Oxford House in the West African nation of Ghana - or at least there are not enough, health officials say, to confront the country's growing drug...

Bicycles Change Lives in Sub-Saharan Africa

When Frederick Day was a little boy his dreams kept him awake at night. He lost sleep talking with his older brother Stanley under the covers. "And Stan would say, 'Hey F.K, are we going to go into business together?' And I'd go, 'Yeah Stan. Stan, are we going to go into business together?' And he'd go, 'Yeah. I'm going to figure that out.'" F.K...