After lurching from one military coup to another, Nigeria now has an elected leadership. But it faces the growing challenge of preventing Africa's most populous country from breaking apart along ethnic and religious lines.
The former British colony is one of the world's largest oil producers, but the industry has produced unwanted side effects....
Nigeria has a varied landscape. From the Obudu Hills in the southeast through the beaches in the south, the rainforest, the Lagos estuary and savannah in the middle and southwest of the country and the Sahel to the encroaching Sahara in the extreme north.
The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in...
The topography of Nigeria consists of plains in the north and south interrupted by plateaus and hills in the centre of the country. The Sokoto Plains lie in the northwestern corner of the country, while the Borno Plains in the northeastern corner extend as far as the Lake Chad basin. The Lake Chad basin and the coastal areas, including the Niger...
Total: 923,768 sq km
Land: 910,768 sq km
Water: 13,000 sq km
Land boundaries: Total- 4,047 km
Benin 773 km,
Cameroon 1,690 km,
Chad 87 km,
Niger 1,497 km.
Coastline: 853 km
Territorial sea: 12 nm
Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Upon the election of Olusegun Obasanjo, Nigerians were euphoric, as it seemed they were finally free from military rule. The emergency was exacerbated by fuel shortages and extended power blackouts that left the country in darkness for weeks. The situation little improved under the new democracy. Obasanjo consolidated Nigeria's position as West...
A leading oil and petroleum producer in the world, Nigeria organized as a loose federation of self-governing states in modern times. However, crippled with various hot debated issues during transitional tenure, the independent nation faced the overwhelming task of unifying a country with 250 ethnic and linguistic groups. As a result the foreign...
The Yoruba mythology believes that Ile-Ife is the source of the human race and that it predates any other civilization. Ifẹ produced the terra cotta and bronze heads, the Ọyọ extended as far as modern Togo.
Another prominent kingdom in south western Nigeria was the Kingdom of Benin whose power lasted between the 15th and 19th century. Their...