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Somalia Overview

Somalia - Horn of Africa

Somalia, the Horn of Africa nation, is finally recovering from recent wars and famine. The ancient land occupies an important geopolitical position between sub-Saharan Africa and the countries of Arabia and southwestern Asia. Somalis probably hail from the southern Ethiopian highlands, and have been subject to a strong Arabic influence ever since...

Somalia - Facts

Formal Name: Somali Democratic Republic. Short Form: Somalia. Term for Citizen: Somali (pl., Somalis). Capital: Capital: Mogadishu. Independence: 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1...

Location of Somali

Somalia is situated in the strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Cana. It is located on the east coast of Africa. Together with Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti it is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Djibouti to the northwest, Kenya on its...

Recent History of Somalia

Lawlessness and clan warfare has been rife since a military government collapsed in 1991. UN estimates 1 million people have become refugees. Sadly, inter-clan tensions, radical socialism, rearmament by the USSR and the occasional (often disastrous) war with Ethiopia helped tear the country apart. Mohammed Siad Barre, Somalia's last recognised...

The SOMALIS: Origins, Migrations & Settlement

The rare findings and evidences of archeology, anthropology, historical linguistics, and related disciplines have provided insights of the origins and evolution of the Somali people. For example, where historians once believed that the Somalis originated on the Red Sea's western coast, or perhaps in southern Arabia, it now seems clear that the...

Ancient Somalia

Firm evidence for the history of the Somali people dates back to only about AD 1000. There are folk genealogies tracing certain Somali clans to the Arabian Peninsula  and associating their ancestors with the Sharifs, the family of prophet Mohammed. Linguistic, cultural and historical evidence, however, indicates they came originally from the...

Somali - From Independence To Revolution

Somaliland became British and Italian colonies in the 1880's, although it was ruled solely by the British from 1941 to 1950. In 1960, Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland were united to form an independent Somalia. Italian Somaliland gained its independence from Italy on 1 July 1960. On the same day, it united with British Somaliland, which...

Government and policies of Somalia

Politics was at once the Somalis' most practiced art and favorite sport. The most desired possession of most nomads was a radio, which was used to keep informed on political news. The level of political participation often surpassed that in many Western democracies. Politics was viewed as a realm not limited to one profession, clan, or class, but...

Somali - Identity

The Somalis are most closely related to the Rendille and the Afar, and distantly related to the Oromos, all Eastern Cushite peoples.  Somalis are not a unitary people group, but a grouping of broad clan federations divided by language and by clan conflicts.  Although all Somalis profess strong allegiance to Islam, they hold stronger...

International Relations of Somalia

Foreign relations characterized by tension with neighboring states and economic dependence on aid from Arab and Western nations. Relations with neighboring states gradually improved as irredentist claims dating from Ogaden War period (1977-78) formally abandoned during 1980s; relations with Ethiopia remained strained despite 1988 peace agreement...

Media of Somalia

Somalia's disintegration is reflected in its media, which is undeveloped, fragmented and often partisan. Broadcasters and journalists operate in an atmosphere which is hostile to free expression, and often dangerous. Journalists defy danger to serve their audiences. In spite of this, diverse and more professional media outlets have emerged in...

Towns and cities of Somalia

There are 18 regions Administrative divisions: Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe, Jubbada Hoose, Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe, Shabeellaha Hoose, Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi Galbeed.

Somali Culture

Cultural activities primarily consist of poetry, folk dancing, the performance of plays, and singing. These traditional activities still retain their importance, especially in rural areas, and are practiced not only at family and religious celebrations but also at state ceremonies. On such occasions traditional local costume is generally worn....