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Zimbabwe Overview

Zimbabwe - Big House of Stone

The land locked country Zimbabwe is home to the Victoria Falls, one of the natural wonders of the world, the stone enclosures of Great Zimbabwe - remnants of a past empire - and to herds of elephant and other game roaming vast stretches of wilderness. The name Zimbabwe derives from "Dzimbadzemabwe" meaning "big house of stone"...

Zimbabwe Facts

Official name: Republic of Zimbabwe Constitution: December 21, 1979 Independence: from the United Kingdom - Rhodesia November 11, 1965 - Zimbabwe April 18, 1980 Area: 390,757 sq km (150,872 sq mi)Population: 12,311,143 ((2007 est.) growth rate: 0.6%; birth rate: 27.7/1000; density per sq mi: 82 Capital: Harare (formerly Salisbury) Languages:...

Location and Geography of Zimbabwe

The south central African country, Zimbabwe lies almost entirely over 1,000 feet (300 metres) above sea level. It is bordered by South Africa on the south, Zambia on the north, Mozambique on the east, and Botswana on the west. To the south, Zimbabwe is separated from South Africa by the Limpopo River. The north-western border is defined by the...

Recent History of Zimbabwe

The Zimbabwe opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) began the year 2006 racked by internal divisions. MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai lost considerable support owing to his opposition to constitutional change in 2005 and to what his critics described as his dictatorial behaviour. Meanwhile, President Robert Mugabe's security forces continued...

Modern History of Zimbabwe

Amazingly, the Ndebele and Shona natives weren't overly delighted about the colonists coming in and telling them what was what, even though the Brits were ever so reasonable about everything and had jolly nice safari suits. Jihad-like revolts, raids and razzing in the last years of the 19th century became known as Chimurenga, the War for...

Pre 20th Century History of Zimbabwe

Great Zimbabwe and the settlement, generally regarded as the nascent Shona society, became the trading capital of the wealthiest and most powerful society in southeastern Africa. The hilltop acropolis at Great Zimbabwe came to serve not only as a fortress but as a shrine for the worship of Mwari, the pre-eminent Shona deity as early as in the 11th...

Early History of Zimbabwe

The remains of early humans, dating back 500,000 years, have been discovered in present-day Zimbabwe. The first inhabitants of Zimbabwe were probably nomadic, adaptable San groups, gradually absorbed by Khoi-Khoi grazier tribes, and slowly transmuting into a culture known as Khoisan. Archaeologists have found Stone-Age implements and pebble tools...

Zimbabwe Peoples

Ethnic groups: Shona 71%, Ndebele 16%, other African 11%, white 1%, mixed and Asian 1%. More than two-thirds of the population of Zimbabwe speak Shona as their first language, while about one out of five speak Ndebele. Both Shona and Ndebele are Bantu languages; from the time of their great southward migration, Bantu-speaking tribes have populated...

The economy of Zimbabwe

The economy of Zimbabwe is in crisis, with rampant inflation, de-industrialisation and shortages of food and fuel. Agricultural production is shrinking. For years it was a major tobacco producer and a potential bread basket for surrounding countries. Zimbabwe's wide range of resources should enable it to support sustained economic growth. The...

Food & Culture of Zimbabwe

Traditional arts in Zimbabwe include pottery, basketry, textiles, jewellery, and carving. Among the distinctive qualities are symmetrically patterned woven baskets and stools carved out of a single piece of wood. Shona sculpture has become world famous in recent years having first emerged in the 1940s. Most subjects of carved figures of stylised...

Government and Politics of Zimbabwe

The form of the Government is Presidential. According to Zimbabwe's constitution, the president is head of state and head of government, and is elected for a 6-year term by popular majority vote. Parliament is bicameral and sits for up to a 5-year term. The legislature is bicameral and consists of the House of Assembly and the Senate. The House of...

Towns and cities of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is divided into eight provinces and two cities with provincial status. These are territorial divisions for the purposes of administrative, political and geographical demarcation. The provinces are subdivided into 59 districts and 1,200 municipalities. The provinces are Bulawayo (city), Harare (city), Manicaland, Mashonaland Central,...

International Relations of Zimbabwe

Since independence, Zimbabwe has enunciated and follows a policy of "active nonalignment." In practice, this has meant that Zimbabwe usually adhered to positions established by the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM); the Organization of African Unity (OAU), now the African Union; or, until it withdrew in 2003, the Commonwealth. The United States...

Media of Zimbabwe

All broadcasters transmitting from Zimbabwean soil, as well as the main newspapers, are state-run and toe the government line. Newspapers operate under restrictive media laws. The press is dominated by two pro-government dailies, the Harare-based Herald and the Bulawayo-based Chronicle, both tightly controlled by the Information Ministry. Private...